Focus on Geography Series, 2021 Census of Population

Canada

Religion

Religion: In 2021, the top religious group was Catholic, with about 10,880,360 persons representing 29.9% of the total population. The second group was Christian, n.o.s., with about 2,760,760 persons representing 7.6% of the total population. The population who declared no religion and secular perspectives numbered 12,577,475 persons, representing 34.6% of the total population.

Racialized groups

Racialized groupsFootnote 1: In 2021, the largest racialized group was South Asian, with about 2,571,400 persons representing 7.1% of the total population. The second group was Chinese, with about 1,715,770 persons representing 4.7% of the total population. The third group was Black, with about 1,547,870 persons representing 4.3% of the total population.

Ethnic or cultural origins

Ethnic or cultural origins: In 2021, the most frequently reported ethnic or cultural origin was Canadian, with about 5,677,205 persons representing 15.6% of the total population. The second origin was English, with about 5,322,830 persons representing 14.7% of the total population. The third origin was Irish, with about 4,413,120 persons representing 12.1% of the total population.

Distribution (in percentage) of religious groups, Canada, 2011 and 2021

The 10 most frequently reported ethnic or cultural origins by median age, Canada, 2021

The 10 most frequently reported ethnic or cultural origins by median age, Canada, 2021
Ethnic or cultural origin Number of responses % Rank Median age
Canadian 5,677,205 15.6 1 37.6
English 5,322,830 14.7 2 45.2
Irish 4,413,120 12.1 3 41.2
Scottish 4,392,200 12.1 4 42.4
French, n.o.s. 3,985,945 11.0 5 42.8
German 2,955,700 8.1 6 39.2
Chinese 1,713,870 4.7 7 38.8
Italian 1,546,390 4.3 8 38.0
Indian (India) 1,347,720 3.7 9 32.8
Ukrainian 1,258,640 3.5 10 38.0

Counts of visible minority groupsFootnote 2, Canada, 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021

Population by visible minority groupFootnote 2 and median age, Canada, 2016 and 2021

Population by visible minority groupFootnote 2 and median age, Canada, 2016 and 2021
2016 2021
Number % of total population % of visible minority population Median age Number % of total population % of visible minority population Median age
Total - Visible minority 34,460,065 100.0 ... 40.5 36,328,480 100.0 ... 41.2
Total visible minority population 7,674,585 22.3 100.0 34.9 9,639,205 26.5 100.0 34.0
South Asian 1,924,635 5.6 25.1 34.8 2,571,400 7.1 26.7 32.4
Chinese 1,577,060 4.6 20.5 39.0 1,715,770 4.7 17.8 40.0
Black 1,198,540 3.5 15.6 31.6 1,547,870 4.3 16.1 30.2
Filipino 780,125 2.3 10.2 35.0 957,355 2.6 9.9 36.8
Arab 523,235 1.5 6.8 30.8 694,020 1.9 7.2 30.8
Latin American 447,325 1.3 5.8 35.9 580,235 1.6 6.0 36.8
Southeast Asian 313,260 0.9 4.1 35.7 390,340 1.1 4.0 35.6
West Asian 264,305 0.8 3.4 35.7 360,495 1.0 3.7 36.8
Korean 188,710 0.5 2.5 36.0 218,140 0.6 2.3 36.8
Japanese 92,920 0.3 1.2 38.7 98,890 0.3 1.0 39.6
Visible minority, n.i.e. 132,085 0.4 1.7 35.6 172,885 0.5 1.8 37.6
Multiple visible minorities 232,375 0.7 3.0 28.0 331,805 0.9 3.4 25.0
Previous topicUpNext topic
Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: