Data tables, 2016 Census

Components of Migration (In- and Out-): Mobility 1 Year Ago (4), Mother Tongue (8), Age (19) and Sex (3) for Migrants Aged 1 Year and Over in Private Households of Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

About this variable: Mother tongue (8)


Mother tongue

'Mother tongue' refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the person at the time the data was collected. If the person no longer understands the first language learned, the mother tongue is the second language learned. For a person who learned two languages at the same time in early childhood, the mother tongue is the language this person spoke most often at home before starting school. The person has two mother tongues only if the two languages were used equally often and are still understood by the person. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, the mother tongue is the language spoken most often to this child at home. The child has two mother tongues only if both languages are spoken equally often so that the child learns both languages at the same time.


  1. Total - Mother tongue
  2. English
  3. French
  4. Non-official language
  5. English and French
  6. English and non-official language
  7. French and non-official language
  8. English, French and non-official language
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